Lupus.sle living with lupus and a traumatic brain injury yeast infection side effects

Nearly all patients with SLE report some symptoms relating to yeast infection side effects problems that occur in the central nervous system (CNS), which includes the spinal cord and the brain. CNS involvement is more likely to occur in the first yeast infection side effects year, usually during flare-ups in other organs.

Symptoms vary widely and overlap with psychiatric or neurologic disorders. They may also be caused by of some medications used yeast infection side effects for SLE. Central nervous system symptoms are usually mild, but there is little effective treatment available for them. CNS symptoms get worse as the disease progresses.

Infections are a common complication and a major cause of yeast infection side effects death in all stages of SLE. The immune system is indeed overactive in SLE, but it is also abnormal and reduces the ability to yeast infection side effects fight infections. Patients are not only prone to the ordinary streptococcal and yeast infection side effects staphylococcal infections, but they are also susceptible to fungal and parasitic infections yeast infection side effects (called opportunistic infections), which are common in people with weakened immune systems. They also face an increased risk for urinary tract, herpes, salmonella, and yeast infections. Corticosteroid and immunosuppressants, treatments used for SLE, also increase the risk for infections, thereby compounding the problem. GASTROINTESTINAL COMPLICATIONS

About 45% of patients with SLE suffer gastrointestinal problems, including nausea, weight loss, mild abdominal pain, and diarrhea. Severe inflammation of the intestinal tract occurs in less than yeast infection side effects 5% of patients and causes acute cramping, vomiting, diarrhea, and, rarely, intestinal perforation, which can be life-threatening. Fluid retention and swelling can cause intestinal obstruction, which is much less serious but causes the same type yeast infection side effects of severe pain. Inflammation of the pancreas can be caused by the disease yeast infection side effects and by corticosteroid therapy. JOINT, MUSCLE, AND BONE COMPLICATIONS

Arthritis caused by SLE almost never leads to destruction or yeast infection side effects deformity of joints. The inflammatory process can, however, damage muscles and cause weakness. Patients with SLE also commonly experience reductions in bone mass yeast infection side effects density (osteoporosis) and have a higher risk for fractures, whether or not they are taking corticosteroids (which can increase the risk for osteoporosis). Women who have SLE should have regular bone mineral density yeast infection side effects scans to monitor bone health.

Inflamed blood vessels in the eye can reduce blood supply yeast infection side effects to the retina, resulting in degeneration of nerve cells and a risk of yeast infection side effects hemorrhage in the retina. The most common symptoms are cotton-wool-like spots on the retina. In about 5% of patients sudden temporary blindness may occur. SOCIOECONOMIC CONSEQUENCES

In one study, 40% of patients with SLE quit work within 4 years of yeast infection side effects diagnosis, and many had to modify their work conditions. Significant factors that predicted job loss included high physical demands yeast infection side effects from the work itself, a more severe condition at the time of diagnosis, and lower educational levels. People with lower income jobs were at particular risk for yeast infection side effects leaving them. PREGNANCY AND SYSTEMIC LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS

Women with lupus who conceive face high-risk pregnancies that increase the risks for themselves and their yeast infection side effects babies. It is important for women to understand the potential complications yeast infection side effects and plan accordingly. The most important advice is to avoid becoming pregnant when yeast infection side effects lupus is active.

• kidney (renal) function. Women should make sure that their kidney function is evaluated yeast infection side effects prior to conception. Poor kidney function can worsen high blood pressure and cause yeast infection side effects excess protein in the urine. These complications increase the risk for preeclampsia and miscarriage.

• lupus-related antibodies. Antiphospholipid and anticardiolipin antibodies can increase the risks for preeclampsia, miscarriage, and stillbirths. Anti-SSA and anti-SSB antibodies can increase the risk for neonatal lupus erythematosus, a condition that can cause skin rash and liver and yeast infection side effects heart damage to the newborn baby. Levels of these antibodies should be tested at the start yeast infection side effects of pregnancy. Certain medications (aspirin, heparin) and tests (fetal heart monitoring) may be needed to ensure a safe pregnancy.

• medication use during pregnancy. Women with active disease may need to take low-dose corticosteroids, but women with inactive disease should avoid these drugs. Steroids appear to pose a low risk for birth defects, but can increase a pregnant woman’s risks for gestational diabetes, high blood pressure, infection, and osteoporosis. For patients who need immunosuppressive therapy, azathioprine (imuran) is an option. Methotrexate (rheumatrex) and cyclophosphamide (cytoxan) should not be taken during pregnancy.

Despite these obstacles, many women with lupus have healthy pregnancies and deliver healthy yeast infection side effects babies. To increase the odds of a successful pregnancy, it is important for women to plan carefully before becoming yeast infection side effects pregnant. Be sure to find knowledgeable doctors with whom you can yeast infection side effects communicate and trust. Pregnant women with lupus should try to assemble an interdisciplinary yeast infection side effects health care team that includes a rheumatologist, high-risk obstetrician, and (for patients with kidney disease) a nephrologist.