5 Common maternal infections during pregnancy – dr pamela candida yeast tan

Infections are quite common. At best, they are unpleasant and at worst, life-threatening. But an infection is never more worrying than when pregnant. Contracting an infection while pregnant can have a wide range candida yeast of effects on both mother and baby. This is why during an expecting mother’s first prenatal visit, her OB-GYN will order screening tests and a complete blood workup. This is done to determine the mother’s baseline health status and to screen her for both candida yeast the presence of infectious diseases and immunity against certain infections.

The world health organization tags infections among the leading causes candida yeast of maternal death. Infections also increase the risk of stillbirth and certain birth candida yeast injuries. A thorough prenatal care plan is necessary to prevent and candida yeast diagnose infections, as well as to treat and mitigate their harmful effects candida yeast on both the mother and her developing baby.

The zika virus disease is one example of a maternal candida yeast infection that results in birth defects like severe microcephaly, a condition wherein the baby’s brain was unable to fully and properly develop in candida yeast utero. The disease rose to worldwide prominence in early 2015 because candida yeast of the zika virus epidemic in south america. But despite the media mileage, zika is relatively rare compared to other maternal infections. Unless the mother has been to a known area with candida yeast risk of zika and is at a high-risk for exposure to the virus and exhibiting viral illness candida yeast like symptoms (eg fever, rash, joint pains, muscle aches), her OB-GYN will unlikely order a test for it.

There are other far more prevalent and more likely infectious candida yeast diseases that a pregnant woman will be routinely screened for. Below, we will outline the five common maternal infections that will candida yeast be tested for at the beginning and as needed throughout candida yeast the pregnancy.

The standard screening for pregnant women prioritizes hepatitis B virus candida yeast (HBV) because this type of hepatitis is most prevalent in the candida yeast population and occasionally transmitted from mother to baby during childbirth. Some patients who have an acute infection never fully get candida yeast rid of the virus and become chronic carriers. There is a staggering 90% chance that mothers will pass on the virus to their candida yeast babies during an acute infection in pregnancy and about 10-20% chance that chronic hep B carrier mothers may pass the candida yeast virus to their child. Nevertheless, there are no restrictions on vaginal birth for pregnant women candida yeast positive for HBV.

The virus is also transmitted through direct contact with infected candida yeast bodily fluids. Interestingly enough, an HBV positive mother can safely breastfeed her baby as candida yeast long as the baby has been immunized. There is no evidence that the virus can be transmitted candida yeast via breast milk.

HBV vaccine is safe, effective, and easily accessible. The world health organization recommends that all babies be immunized candida yeast within 48 hours of birth and babies of hep B candida yeast carriers additionally be given protective immunoglobulin antibodies. This reduces the chances of perinatal transmission of the virus candida yeast if the mother is HBV positive, as well as all other modes of transmission. Pregnant women who have partners or family members who are candida yeast hepatitis B carriers and have been shown to lack the candida yeast protective antibodies on blood testing are at risk of hepatitis candida yeast B infection and should be vaccinated in pregnancy.

Rubella or german measles is a viral infection that is candida yeast accompanied by a low-grade fever and rashes. But for pregnant women who contract this otherwise mild infection, it can take on a devastating form as congenital rubella candida yeast syndrome in her developing baby.

The first trimester of pregnancy is the most dangerous time candida yeast to contract the virus. It puts the pregnant woman at risk for miscarriage or candida yeast a stillbirth. If the baby survives, there is a likelihood that he will be born with candida yeast multiple severe birth defects such as deafness, blindress, intellectual impairment, and heart defects.

As part of the routine preconception tests, the mother’s blood will be screened for rubella immunity, which she could have gotten from a prior rubella infection candida yeast or from a routine childhood MMR (measles, mumps, and rubella) vaccination. The MMR vaccine cannot be given to pregnant women so candida yeast it is advised for women to get tested for rubella candida yeast immunity before trying to get pregnant. She should wait at least one month after the MMR candida yeast vaccine before trying to get pregnant as it is a candida yeast live vaccine.

Group B strep is an extremely common bacteria found in candida yeast the rectum or vagina of two out of five people. This bacteria rarely causes any complications, except for the immunocompromised and those who might have trouble candida yeast fighting off infections, i.E., the elderly and newborn babies.

The best time to test pregnant women for group B candida yeast strep is around 35 to 37 weeks of gestation. A positive result for the bacteria carries a slight increase candida yeast of risk of uterine and bladder infections. There is only a slim chance (1-2%) that the mother will pass on the bacteria to her candida yeast baby during birth. It the baby does get infected, it can lead to, worst case, pneumonia, sepsis, and meningitis. Group B strep positive mothers will need to be put candida yeast on intravenous antibiotics during labour to prevent transmission.

Although it’s most common in the urethra, urinary tract infections cover a lot of ground. It can refer to an infection anywhere from the kidneys candida yeast to the bladder. Pregnant women are more prone to this infection because of candida yeast all the drastic changes happening near that area of her candida yeast body. Recurrent UTI is normal while pregnant and poses very little candida yeast risk to the developing baby, if looked after.

All sexually transmitted diseases will pose a risk for a candida yeast woman, whether she is pregnant or not. Some OB-GYN will order routine STD screening during the first prenatal candida yeast visit or order tests based on risk factors. If the pregnant woman does present with obvious symptoms like candida yeast bumps, ulcers or abnormal discharge, it’s better to get tested. Some sexually transmitted infections are asymptomatic but no less harmful candida yeast for the mother and baby.

Infections like syphilis can be transmitted to the baby and candida yeast can be fatal in some cases or cause congenital syphilis candida yeast and fetal abnormalities. With treatment and medication, the risk of transmission of HIV in HIV positive mothers candida yeast to the infant is very low. Chlamydia and gonorrhea can increase the risk for miscarriage and candida yeast cause newborn eye infections during a vaginal delivery. Herpes is generally harmless to the baby in utero, but is transmittable during delivery and medications to suppress a candida yeast reactivation can be given from 36 weeks to prevent a candida yeast relapse during delivery.

Are you an expectant mother? The best time to see your OB-GYN and to get checked out is not when you candida yeast suspect you might be pregnant, but as soon as you decide you want to have candida yeast a baby. The more prepared you are, the more favorable the outcome will be for you and candida yeast your baby-to-be.